Updated: Feb 20
Overview of Tanzania's Economy and Business Landscape
Tanzania is East Africa’s second largest economy and presents a rapidly growing market with immense potential for foreign investors. The country has a diverse economy, expanding middle-class, and a business-friendly government, with a projected GDP of $67.43 billion by 2021 and a population of over 65 million. This article explores the opportunities and factors foreign investors should consider when entering Tanzania's market.
Tanzania's Market and Key Sectors
Tanzania's economy is one of the fastest-growing in Africa, experiencing an average annual growth rate of 7.0%. Agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, and services are the key sectors contributing to Tanzania's GDP. Agriculture accounts for nearly 30% of GDP, manufacturing for 16.6%, and services for over 50% of GDP. The country also offers a competitive labor market and a well-developed financial system.
Diverse Industries and Investment Incentives in Tanzania
Tanzania has a diverse range of industries and sectors, including tourism, finance, manufacturing, energy, and agriculture.
The government has put in place various policies and incentives to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and has created public-private partnerships that have established a range of industries and businesses in the country. Special Economic Zones (SEZs) offer attractive incentives and tax breaks for businesses operating in the zones.
Well-Developed Infrastructure and Access to Renewable Energy
The country's infrastructure, including its ports and airports, is well-developed, and the telecommunications sector has seen the introduction of 4G LTE and other advanced services. The country's access to renewable energy, with the launch of a 10-year energy plan in 2019, has seen the installation of solar and wind power plants and the expansion of hydropower projects.
Abundant Natural Resources and Skilled Workforce in Tanzania
Tanzania's natural resources, including some of the world's largest untapped natural gas reserves, minerals like gold and nickel, and a skilled and educated workforce, make it an ideal location for businesses.
The government has established investment incentives, including tax holidays and exemptions, duty-free goods and services, and relaxed foreign exchange regulations, and the country has a free market economy with a reliable banking system and access to capital.
Strategic Location and Market Access for Businesses in Tanzania
The country's strategic location in East Africa and its proximity to the Indian Ocean provide easy access to the Middle East, East Africa, and Southern Africa, making it an attractive option for businesses looking to establish facilities in the country and export goods and services across the continent.
Cultural Heritage and Tourism Potential in Tanzania for Businesses
Finally, Tanzania's rich cultural heritage and stunning wildlife make it a great destination for tourists, with festivals like the Zanzibar International Film Festival attracting visitors from all over the world. This vibrant culture also makes Tanzania a great place for businesses looking to tap into the passions and interests of its population.
Conclusion: Tanzania is an ideal place for businesses to do business, offering a supportive government, excellent infrastructure, a diverse range of industries and sectors, and a wealth of natural resources.
Its strategic location and access to markets in over 15 countries make it an attractive option for businesses looking to expand their operations in the region. With its rich cultural heritage and stunning wildlife, Tanzania also offers a unique destination for businesses looking to tap into the interests of its population.
World Bank: Tanzanian Economy
Investing in Tanzania
Doing Business in Tanzania