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What is the availability and cost of key resources in Tanzania?

Updated: Feb 19, 2023

Tanzania's Key Resources: Labor, Land, and Materials

Tanzania is a large and diverse country located in East Africa, with a population of approximately 57 million people. Despite being one of the poorest countries in the world, Tanzania is home to many natural resources, including labor, land, and materials. In this article, we will explore the availability and cost of these key resources.


Tanzania has a large labor force, with the majority of the population employed in the informal sector. The agricultural sector employs the majority of Tanzanians, but there is also a growing industrial sector that employs skilled labor in manufacturing, energy production, mining, and services.

The cost of labor in Tanzania depends on the skill level of the worker, as well as the region and sector in which they are employed. The average monthly wage for skilled labor is about USD 200, while unskilled labor can earn as little as USD 50 per month. The population of the country is young and educated, with a median age of 18.8 years, making it attractive for employers looking for younger, energetic workers.


Tanzania has a total area of 945,200 km2, of which 45.8% is arable land. This makes it ideal for agricultural production. Most of the land is owned communally and is often used for subsistence farming. However, there is also a growing trend of land being used for commercial purposes such as tourism, mining, and industrial development.

The cost of land can vary significantly depending on the location, with prime land near the coast or in tourist areas being particularly expensive. Nevertheless, the cost of land in Tanzania is generally lower than in other countries in the region.


Tanzania is rich in natural resources, such as minerals, oil, and gas. The country is one of the leading countries in Africa in terms of mineral production, including gold, copper, cobalt, chromium, and zinc. The cost of materials in Tanzania is generally lower than in other countries in the region. The cost of raw materials varies depending on the type of material and the availability of the item. The cost of fuel is generally low due to the availability of natural gas and other sources of energy. The cost of building materials is also relatively low, as the government subsidizes the costs.

Overall, the availability and cost of key resources such as labor, land, and materials in Tanzania vary depending on the sector and location. However, in general, Tanzania offers relatively low costs for these resources compared to other countries in the region. This makes the country an attractive destination for businesses looking to expand and save money on resources.

The government has also put in place incentives to encourage businesses to invest in the country. With its vast natural resources and low cost of resources, Tanzania is an ideal destination for businesses looking to save money and expand their operations.

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